Understanding and Managing Food #Addiction (and SUGAR!) Livestream Video Via Obesity Action Coalition (OAC)

  • Absolutely worth the watch if you like good brain food.
  • Dr. Nicole Avena is a research neuroscientist and expert in the fields of nutrition, diet and addiction. She received a Ph.D. in Neuroscience and Psychology from Princeton University, followed by a postdoctoral fellowship in molecular biology at The Rockefeller University in New York City. She has published over 50 scholarly journal articles, as well as several book chapters and a book, on topics related to food, addiction, obesity and eating disorders. She also edited the book, Animal Models of Eating Disorders (2012) and has a popular book of food and addiction coming out in 2014 (Ten Speed Press). Her research achievements have been honored by awards from several groups including the New York Academy of Sciences, the American Psychological Association, the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and her research has been funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and National Eating Disorders Association. She also maintains a blog, Food Junkie, with Psychology Today.
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Can sugar make you stupid? Studies point to yes.

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Can sugar make you stupid?  

Oh dear.   

If the following study regarding the ingestion of sugar and cognition is true — I should be gaining brains instead of losing them — considering that I eat about 95% less of the sweet stuff since I had roux en y gastric bypass surgery.  

However as we all know, *MY brains are very special since I had weight loss surgery.   

The combination of a high-sugar intake and a lack of Omega-3 Fatty Acids caused brain fail in rats!  

What about… us?  What if poor diet causes brain issues that aren't reversible?  This intrigues me.

National Geographic

 Sweet drinks scrambled the memories and stunted learning in lab rats in a new study—leading to "high concern" over what sugary diets may do to people, according to neuroscientist Fernando Gomez-Pinilla. (Read more about memory from National Geographic magazine.)

 For the study, Gomez-Pinilla's team first trained rats to successfully navigate a maze, giving them only water and standard rat chow for five days. During the following six weeks, the rats' water was replaced with syrups that were 15 percent fructose.

"Most sodas people consume are about 12 percent sugar, so imagine if you drank soda with sugar added instead of water," said Gomez-Pinilla, of the University of California, Los Angeles.m


During the six-week period, half the rodents were also given flaxseed oil and fish oil—both rich in omega-3 fatty acids. These antioxidants may protect against damage to chemical connections in the brain called synapses, past research suggests.

After six weeks of the fructose syrup, all the rats were slower at running the maze. However, those that had received omega-3s were slightly faster than their counterparts.

By studying the dissected brains of the study rats, the researchers determined that the high-fructose diets had sabotaged the ability of synapses to change, a key factor in learning. The sugary drinks had also disrupted the sugar-regulating protein insulin in a brain area called the hippocampus, which play a role in memory formation in both rats and humans.t

"I was very shocked to see how strong an effect these diets could have on the brain—I have high concern that the foods people eat can really affect mood and cognition," Gomez-Pinilla said.

Study Abstract

We pursued studies to determine the effects of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) in brain, and the possibilities to modulate these effects by dietary interventions. In addition, we have assessed potential mechanisms by which brain metabolic disorders can impact synaptic plasticity and cognition.

We report that high-dietary fructose consumption leads to increase in insulin resistance index, insulin and triglyceride levels, which characterize MetS. Rats fed on an n-3 deficient diet showed memory deficits in Barnes Maze, which were further exacerbated by fructose intake.

In turn, n-3 deficient diet and fructose interventions disrupted insulin receptor signaling in hippocampus as evidenced by a decrease in phosphorylation of insulin receptor and its downstream effector Akt.

We found that high fructose consumption with n-3 deficient diet disrupts membrane homeostasis as evidenced by an increase in the ratio of n-6/n-3 fatty acids and levels of 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), a marker of lipid peroxidation.

Disturbances in brain energy metabolism due to n-3 deficiency and fructose treatments were evidenced by a significant decrease in AMPK phosphorylation and its upstream modulator LKB1 as well as a decrease in Sir2 levels. The decrease in phosphorylation of CREB, synapsin I and synaptophysin (SYP) levels by n-3 deficiency and fructose shows the impact of metabolic dysfunction on synaptic plasticity. All parameters of metabolic dysfunction related to the fructose treatment were ameliorated by the presence of dietary n-3 fatty acid.

Results showed that dietary n-3 fatty acid deficiency elevates the vulnerability to metabolic dysfunction and impaired cognitive functions by modulating insulin receptor signaling and synaptic plasticity.

 

Is Sugar Toxic?

I don't know HOW I missed this episode of 60 Minutes.

And here I go, down the rabbit hole of carbohydrate paranoia once again and feel tempted to throw away EVERYTHING in my kitchen and snort Splenda again. Watch with me?  Hold me?

Dr. Sanjay Gupta reports on new research showing that beyond weight gain, sugar can take a serious toll on your health, worsening conditions ranging from heart disease to cancer.

Is sugar toxic?

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SmartForme Bari-15 Snack Bars Peanut Butter Crisp

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It's for the deets in the middle column.
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Attributes
5g sugar or less
Low-Fat
Good Source Fiber
Aspartame-Free
Contains Soy Protein

The Bari-15 Snack Bar in Peanut Butter Crisp, is yet another bar that looks pretty out of the wrapper.  That's something about this line, they are all g o r g e o u s.  LOL.

Anyway. 

It's peanut butter.  It's crispy.  PB is not my favorite flavor – but I do prefer a crispy textured bar and that is what this is.  It's a sweet peanut butter flavor with soy crisps and it's chewy and crispy at the same time.  It's dipped in a peanut butter coating and drizzled with the same.  Overall, it's tasty, and if you are chewy peanut butter granola bar fan you will like this.

  • Product – SmartForme Bari-15 Snack Bars Peanut Butter Crisp
  • Via – SmartForme
  • Pros – 130 calories each, 15 grams of protein
  • Cons – At first glance, suuuuuugah.  But, they stopped at my limit of >15 carbs.  HA.
  • Rating – Pouchworthy, MM

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Other SmartForme Reviews:

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SmartForme Blueberry Pomegranate Bari-15 Snack Bar.


Eating it now.

The Bari-15 Blueberry Pomegranate Snack Bar is a crispy, light, fruity bar, dipped in a sweet creamy yogurt base.  The crisps are soy, whey and milk protein based, and have no after taste.  The bar contains 15 grams of protein from all three sources.  You cannot tell this is a protein food. 

 

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  • Product – Blueberry Pomegranate Bar
  • Via – SmartForme
  • Pros – 130 calories, 15 grams of protein, quite good granola bar alternative.
  • Cons – 7 grams of sugar, some of it is coming from fruit… redeeming it.  Eating more.
  • Rating – Pouchworthy, MM.

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